At the request of the Malian president, France intervened militarily in January 2013 with Operation Serval to halt the advance of jihadist forces and allow the country to restore its territorial integrity. In 2013, presidential and legislative elections were held, leading Ibrahim Boubacar Keata to the presidency of the Republic. In 2015, the peace and reconciliation agreement in Mali between non-terrorist rebel groups and the government of Algiers will be signed with the support of the United Nations. France is helping Mali implement this agreement. Annadif can also see that the pandemic risks slowing down the implementation of the peace agreement. The CSA meeting scheduled for March did not take place for the sake of COVID-19. The “catch-up” phase of accelerating the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration process for the integration of 510 veterans into the national armed forces (in addition to the approximately 1,300 combatants already integrated) has just been postponed. The threat of the pandemic could affect the holding of the second round of parliamentary elections, which is currently scheduled for 19 April. At the Pau Summit on 13 January 2020, France and the G5 sahel countries, including Mali, decided to form a “coalition for the Sahel” to bring together in a coherent way the different aspects of international action.
It is structured into four complementary pillars: (1) the fight against armed terrorist groups, (2) the strengthening of the capacity of the armed forces, (3) support for the return of the state by supporting the internal security forces and the strengthening of the criminal chain; (4) coordination of development actors. 2. No autopsy is performed on staff who died in EUTM Mali without the consent of the State concerned and the presence of a representative of EUTM Mali and/or the State concerned. Analysts said MINUSMA, often referred to as the “most dangerous UN mission,” faces countless challenges: a volatile environment that often proves deadly for UN forces, limits peacemaking initiatives and keeps the mission on a defensive basis; an inconsistent Malian ruling class; and a rapidly changing and complex crisis that has exploded in the centre of the country, which lacks an adequate solution framework.