Bilateral agreements can often trigger competing bilateral agreements between other countries. This may despise the benefits of the free trade agreement between the two original nations. While other countries are advancing new RTA negotiations covering a significant portion of world trade, a number of issues could be of interest to Congress, including the impact of these agreements on U.S. economic and strategic interests, their impact on U.S. leaders in trade liberalization efforts, and the definition of new trade rules, and the U.S. response. In 1995, as part of the Uruguay Round negotiations, GATT became the first part of the World Trade Organization (WTO) along with important agreements on services, intellectual property rights, agriculture and the settlement of binding disputes. Since the inception of the GATT, the United States, as the world`s largest economy, has been an important driver of multilateral negotiations on trade agreements, including the extension of the depth and scale of commitments. For many reasons, since the conclusion of the Uruguay Round, it has become increasingly difficult to conclude a new round of multilateral negotiations on trade liberalization, so that since then new trade rules have been widely introduced in the ATRs. The free trade area and the customs union deal with both tariffs and trade. However, they differ in many respects. The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership would remove existing barriers to trade between the United States and the European Union. This would be the largest agreement ever reached by the North American Free Trade Agreement.
Negotiations were suspended after President Trump took office. Although the EU is made up of many Member States, it can negotiate as a unit. The TTIP thus becomes a bilateral trade agreement. U.S. free trade agreements have evolved since the 1980s in the breadth and depth of their commitments. Despite the differences in each U.S. free trade agreement, there has been a general trend toward broader and more applicable commitments.