Agreement Between Ottoman Empire And Saudi Arabia

However, in accordance with the secret Sykes-Picot agreement between Britain and France, General Allenby only recognized the Arab administration as the interior regions of Syria (the eastern zone). On October 8, French troops landed in Beirut and occupied the Lebanese coastal region south of Naqoura (the western zone) and replaced British troops there. The French immediately dissolved the local Arab governments in the region. The Russians, British, Italians, French, Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians claimed Anatolia on the basis of a set of promises of war, military actions, secret agreements and treaties. According to the Treaty of Sèvres, everyone, with the exception of the Assyrians, would have granted his wishes. Armenia was to receive a significant part of the East, known as Wilsonian Armenia, which stretched as far as Lake Van and as far as Mush, Greece should receive Smyrna and the region around it (and probably have reached Constantinople and all of Thrace, which was managed as an internationally controlled and demilitarized zone). Italy should be controlled on the southern coasts of central and western Anatolia around Antalya, France should retain the territory of Cilicia, and Britain should retain the entire territory south of Armenia. On the other hand, the Treaty of Lausanne made all the agreements and territorial annexations. After the total break-in of the Ottoman government, its representatives signed in 1920 the Treaty of Sèvres, which would have divided a large part of the territory of present-day Turkey between France, Great Britain, Greece and Italy. The Turkish War of Independence forced the Western European powers to return to the negotiating table before the treaty could be ratified. Western Europeans and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey signed and ratified in 1923 the new Treaty of Lausanne, which replaced the Treaty of Sèvres and agreed on most territorial issues. An unresolved issue, the dispute between the Kingdom of Iraq and the Republic of Turkey over the former province of Mosul, was then negotiated in 1926 under the aegis of the League of Nations. The British and the French divided Greater Syria in the Sykes-Picot agreement.

Other secret agreements have been concluded with Italy and Russia. [7] The Balfour Declaration encouraged the international Zionist movement to put pressure on a Jewish homeland in Palestine. Although part of the Triple Entente, Russia also had war agreements that prevented it from participating in the partition of the Ottoman Empire after the Russian Revolution. The Treaty of Sèvres officially recognized the new league of nations mandates in the region, the independence of Yemen, and British sovereignty over Cyprus. As early as the first week of October 1918, both the Ottoman government and several Turkish leaders contacted the Allies to find opportunities for peace. Britain, whose forces were then occupying much of the Ottoman territories, did not want to withdraw for its allies, especially France, which would take control of the Syrian coast and much of present-day Lebanon after an agreement reached in 1916. In a move that angered his French counterpart Georges Clemenceau, Prime Minister David Lloyd George and his cabinet allowed Admiral Arthur Calthorpe, Britain`s naval commander in the Aegean Sea, to negotiate an immediate ceasefire with Turkey without consulting France. Although Britain alone prepared the Ottoman exit from the war, the two powerful allies would fight for control of the region at the Paris peace conference and for years. .

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